The search for the world’s best keyboard layout (2023)

Table of Contents
Is Qwerty optimised for least fatigue when typing? Fact of Fiction? The Legend of the QWERTY Keyboard smithsonianmag.com What came first: the typist or the keyboard? The answer depends on the keyboard. A recent article in… Qwerty is top-heavy Dvorak introduces the 10 letter home row Colemak and the 8 letter home keys The Carpalx project and the 9 or 10 letter home row Carpalx — keyboard layout optimizer The entries in the table below are current popular layouts, along with my own optimized layouts. Some like QWERTY and… Colemak Mod-DH to de-emphasise the middle columns Colemak Mod-DH Colemak Mod-DH introduces a minor modification to the Colemak keyboard layout, designed to make typing more… Workman, and Norman with the conventional finger assignment Workman Keyboard Layout By OJ Bucao, September 6, 2010 Introduction The Problem with Colemak Back to the Drawing Board Introducing the Workman… Norman layout | 46% less effort than QWERTY Norman is a fully optimized alternative keyboard layout to QWERTY for touch typing in English. Halmak discards the 10 letter home row MadRabbit/halmak This is an AI designed keyboard layout that was built within the keyboard-gentics project. pguerin3/halmak4windows This repository is the Windows equivalent of the original Halmak Apple Mac version: halmak Git clone this repository… Engram and the 8 letter home row binarybottle/engram Engram is a key layout optimized for comfortable and efficient touch typing in English created by Arno Klein, with open… EngramMod pguerin3/EngramMod This repository is for the modified Engram keyboard layout. The original Engram keyboard layout is at the following… Is there a best layout? Why would you bother to switch to a new keyboard layout? FAQs Videos
The search for the world’s best keyboard layout (1)

If I gave you a technology from the 1800s, and said that you needed to use that from day-to-day from now on, what would you do?

For example, if I gave you a mechanical typewriter from the 1800s to use, what would you do?
Just assuming that it still works, would you bother to use it?

I know if you are an avid typewriter collector, like actor Tom Hanks, then you would probably put it through it’s paces.
Otherwise you may think it’s one of the most clumsy devices you have ever used.

However each time you use a modern keyboard, while the physical technology is not 1800s, by default you are still using the same clumsy character layout. ie Qwerty was patented in 1868.

The technology of the modern keyboard (eg mechanical switches), just makes this character layout more palatable for the modern user.

The search for the world’s best keyboard layout (2)

Is Qwerty optimised for least fatigue when typing?

I don’t know how true this is — but there are claims on the internet that the top row was purposely corrupted so that the statement ‘TYPEWRITER QUOTE’ could be typed exclusively on the top row of the Qwerty layout.

Supposedly, this was to assist the sales people to type the quotes for prospective customers more easily.

Well let’s type it and find out from the heatmap of keypresses….

The search for the world’s best keyboard layout (3)

Well — you decide…. To me it looks like a deliberate corruption of the layout.

In addition, other internet sources claim that the character layout of Qwerty was influenced by the need to avoid the hammers getting jammed when typing at high speed.

However some recent research has suggested that the jamming of hammers is not the true influence of the Qwerty layout.

Seems the Qwerty layout was instead influenced by morse code operators that needed to translate quickly (see link below):

Qwerty is top-heavy

However for the non-sales people, to be fair there does seem to be some typing optimisation in Qwerty.

The letter combination ER and RE is the top pair in the English language according to the Google Corpus Data.

https://gist.github.com/lydell/c439049abac2c9226e53

So Qwerty does attempt to optimise that pair by placing the letters E and R as adjacent keys.

Also the letters Q, Z, and X are located in the corners of the layout, in less accessible positions, which makes sense as those letters are amongst the least common.

However all words in the English language contain at least one vowel. So for a keyboard layout it would be intuitive to put all the vowels on the home row, as the home row is the most accessible position.

The search for the world’s best keyboard layout (4)

In Qwerty, however most of the vowels are on the top row of the keyboard instead of the home row. Moreover, of the top 5 most common letters in English (E, T, O, A, and I), only one of those is on the home row. Only the letter A is on the home row in Qwerty.

Also only 2 of the top 8 most common letters in English (E, T, O, A, I, N, S, and R) are on the home row in Qwerty.

More key presses outside of the home keys leads to more curling and unfolding by the fingers, leading to earlier finger fatigue.

Dvorak introduces the 10 letter home row

In 1936, the Dvorak layout was patented, and with it came a new philosophy; put more common letters on the home row.

Dvorak was designed from the ground up.

A clean slate.

The search for the world’s best keyboard layout (5)

Now all the vowels (A, O, E, U, and I) are clustered on the left hand on the home row.

Also the Dvorak home row has 10 letters, instead of 9 as was the case for Qwerty.

The search for the world’s best keyboard layout (6)

More key presses on the home row should result in less curling and unfolding of the fingers, leading to less fatigue of the fingers than for Qwerty.

In addition, the Dvorak layout was designed for the typewriter. A typewriter has no reason for left-hand shortcuts. eg undo (cntl-Z), cut (cntl-X), copy (cntl-C), and paste (cntl-V).

Consequently, in Dvorak there was no reason to maintain the keys Z, X, C, and V close to the left control key as is the case for Qwerty.

However there are some common shortcut keys in convenient positions for the left-hand and they are:

(Video) Using AI to Create the Perfect Keyboard

  • Select all (cntrl-A)
  • Enter (cntrl-J)

The value of a left-hand shortcut keys wouldn’t exist until the keyboard will arrive decades later.

Colemak and the 8 letter home keys

In 2006, Colemak came along but it was more evolution than revolution.
The home row still has 10 common letters, as seen with Dvorak.

The search for the world’s best keyboard layout (7)
The search for the world’s best keyboard layout (8)

However from the heatmap, it’s clear that while there are 10 letters on the home row, there is more emphasis on the 8 letter home keys.

Also with Colemak, it was determined that the primary keyboard shortcuts (undo, cut, copy, and paste) in Qwerty are in the most convenient positions on the left hand. So Colemak retained those keyboard shortcuts in the same positions as for Qwerty.

So the common shortcut keys in convenient positions on the left-hand are:

  • Backspace word (cntrl-W)
  • Select all (cntrl-A)
  • Save (cntrl-S)
  • Undo (cntrl-Z)
  • Cut (cntrl-X)
  • Copy (cntrl-C)
  • Paste (cntrl-V)

The Carpalx project and the 9 or 10 letter home row

In 2009, the Carpalx project offered 8 keyboard layouts for various use cases, depending on what you want to achieve.

Essentially there are 2 paths on offer depending on how long you want the home row:

a) Layouts using a 9 letter home row

For those typists who want to keep using the Qwerty letter mask (9 letter home row), but swap a selection of keys to reduce the typing effort choose either of the following:

Carpalx QWKRFY — only 5 key pair swaps and keeping ZXCV fixed.

Carpalx QWYRFM — only 10 key pair swaps and keeping ZXCV fixed.

Carpalx QFMLWY — many key swaps for 42.6% less effort than Qwerty, but ZXCV is not fixed.

b) Layouts with a 10 letter home row

For those typists who prefer a 10 letter home row for Colemak, and are already be using the Colemak layout, then choose either of the following:

Carpalx GYLMWP — retain 9 letter keys the same as Colemak and ZXCV fixed.

Carpalx PBFMWJ — retain 11 letter keys the same as Colemak and ZXCV moved.

For those typists who will accept the most key swaps to get the biggest benefit, then choose either of the following:

Carpalx QGMLWY — 10 letter home row, and ZXCV fixed to get 44.3% less effort than Qwerty.

The search for the world’s best keyboard layout (9)

Carpalx QGMLWB — 10 letter home row, but only keep ZXC fixed to get 44.4% less effort than Qwerty.

The search for the world’s best keyboard layout (10)
The search for the world’s best keyboard layout (11)

From the heatmap, it’s clear that for Carpalx QGMLWB (and Carpalx QGMLWY) there is more emphasis on the 10 letter home row, rather than the 8 letter home keys.

The some common shortcut keys in convenient positions for the left-hand are:

  • Save (cntrl-S)
  • Undo (cntrl-Z)
  • Cut (cntrl-X)
  • Copy (cntrl-C)
  • Find (cntrl-F)

Colemak Mod-DH to de-emphasise the middle columns

For some users of Colemak, some felt that all was not well, even with the 8 letter home keys.

There was some concern that the common bigram ‘he’ was causing unnecessary fatigue when using Colemak.

So a modified Colemak layout was created, named Colemak Mod-DH to de-emphasise the centre columns.

De-emphasising the centre columns will reduce lateral movement of the pointer fingers, leading to less fatigue of those fingers.

Colemak Mod-DH actually has 2 core features:

a) The Angle Mod feature

The idea behind the Angle Mod is to promote a more comfortable, symmetrical typing posture on standard keyboards. The result being that the fingers on the left hand can more ergonomically reach the keys on the bottom row when using the Colemak layout.

This concept is ideally for an ISO keyboard, but can be made to work for an ANSI keyboard too.

For the ergonomic finger technique to work for the Colemak layout, the finger assignment will change to the following:

  • Left pinky on the bottom row is assigned with the shift key (instead of the Z key in Colemak).
  • Remaining fingers are assigned the same keys X, C, and V as for Colemak.
  • Left pointer finger is assigned V, B, and Z keys (instead of just V and B in Colemak).

For typists that adopt the Angle Mod, no keys change fingers from standard Colemak, making it easy to adopt for existing Colemak users.

(Video) why is this weird keyboard so good?

So Colemak with Angle Mod looks like the layout below:

The search for the world’s best keyboard layout (12)

Note — the colours of the keys correspond to the new finger assignments for the Angle Mod feature.

All the top and middle rows are the same as for Colemak.

On the bottom row the Z key is shifted to the right to an infrequent position, and the XCVB keys are shifted to the left.

http://colemakmods.github.io/ergonomic-mods/angle.html

b) The de-emphasis of the centre columns

To de-emphasise the centre columns, the letters D, and H have been relocated away from the centre columns on the home row, to a more ergonomic position on the bottom row.

The search for the world’s best keyboard layout (13)

The result of the relocation of D and H, and the relocations for Angle Mod is below:

The search for the world’s best keyboard layout (14)

However the new finger assignments for Angle Mod do require the typist to adjust, and may not be convenient for everyone.

The search for the world’s best keyboard layout (15)

The heatmap clearly shows that the 8 letter home keys are preserved as for the Colemak layout.

The middle columns are also less hot than for Colemak.

So the common shortcut keys in a convenient position on the left-hand are:

  • Backspace word (cntrl-W)
  • Select all (cntrl-A)
  • Save (cntrl-S)
  • Cut (cntrl-X)
  • Copy (cntrl-C)
  • Paste (cntrl-V)

However the idea that the centre columns should be de-emphasised for finger ergonomic reasons was to spawn the other keyboard layouts to come.

Workman, and Norman with the conventional finger assignment

To obtain better finger ergonomics in general, came two layouts with a similar philosophy to Colemak Mod-DH.

The layouts were Workman, and Norman.

The search for the world’s best keyboard layout (16)
The search for the world’s best keyboard layout (17)

Both kept the 8 letter home keys for the common letters, but de-emphasised the centre columns without requiring a new finger assignment.

The search for the world’s best keyboard layout (18)
The search for the world’s best keyboard layout (19)

The left-hand shortcut keys for Workman are:

  • Select all (cntrl-A)
  • Save (cntrl-S)
  • Backspace character (cntrl-H)
  • Undo (cntrl-Z)
  • Cut (cntrl-X)
  • Copy (cntrl-C)

For the left-hand shortcut keys for Norman:

  • Backspace word (cntrl-W)
  • Select all (cntrl-A)
  • Save (cntrl-S)
  • Undo (cntrl-Z)
  • Cut (cntrl-X)
  • Copy (cntrl-C)
  • Paste (cntrl-V)

Halmak discards the 10 letter home row

Now since 2016 we have the AI designed Halmak.

Similar in philosophy to Workman, and Norman — the Halmak layout offers the following features:

— De-emphasised the centre columns.

— Kept the conventional finger assignment.

Like the Dvorak layout, the Halmak layout was designed from the ground up.

A clean slate.

The Halmak layout uses an 8 letter home row exclusively, with punctuation in the middle columns.

This means there is no 10 letter home row.

The search for the world’s best keyboard layout (20)

Also none of the conventional left-hand shortcut keys (undo, cut, copy, and paste) are in the same positions as Qwerty.

However there are some common shortcut keys in easier positions for the left-hand and they are:

  • Backspace word (cntrl-W)
  • Save (cntrl-S)
  • Backspace character (cntrl-H)
  • Find (cntrl-F)
  • Enter (cntrl-M)
  • Paste (cntrl-V)
  • Copy (cntrl-C)
The search for the world’s best keyboard layout (21)

Some trigrams are also incorporated into the layout in a diagonal movement, and include the following:

  • Y, O, and U (right hand only)
  • W, H, and Y (top left to bottom right)
  • Y, E, and S (bottom right to left)

The MacOS version of the Halmak layout is here:

The Windows version of the Halmak layout is here:

Engram and the 8 letter home row

Now we have the Engram layout, based on bigrams from the Google Corpus Data.

The Engram layout has many similarities with the Halmak layout:

  • Clean slate design.
  • Punctuation in the middle columns.
  • 10 letter home row is discarded for the 8 letter home keys exclusively.
  • N-gram optimisation.

There was a previous version released initially, but the most recent version is as follows:

The search for the world’s best keyboard layout (22)

Like Dvorak and Halmak, Engram was designed from a clean slate.

A key difference, is that all the punctuation has been relocated to more ergonomic positions. This includes punctuation that is co-located with the number row, and around the Enter key.

The search for the world’s best keyboard layout (23)

However there are some common shortcut keys in easier positions for the left-hand and they are:

  • Cut (cntrl-X)
  • Copy (cntrl-C)
  • Tab (cntrl-I)
  • Enter (cntrl-J)

As the letters E and T are the most common in English, those have been placed on the strongest finger of each hand. ie the middle fingers.

A key feature of the layout is that many common bigrams are same-hand adjacent keys.

  • TH (and HT). Note — TH is the most commonly used bigram in English.
  • EA (and AE).
  • IE (and EI).
  • OU and LD. Note — words such as COULD, SHOULD, and WOULD.
  • ST (and TS).
  • BY.

Also there are same finger-type bigrams for common words such as:

  • IS (ring fingers)
  • IF (ring fingers)
  • DO (middle fingers)
  • TO (middle fingers)
  • ME (middle fingers)
  • ALL (pointer fingers)

Then there are adjacent letter key trigrams such as:

(Video) Mechanical Playstyle ⚡ Mechanical Keyboard Sounds ASMR 😴 Solo Realistics 🏆

  • YOU
  • THA

And a word such as THOUGHTS, can be broken down into the adjacent key bigrams TH, and OU, then finished with the adjacent key trigram HTS.

Engram also has symmetry on the home keys amongst the right and left hands.

  • The 2 most common letters are on the middle fingers: E (left middle finger), and T (right middle finger).
  • On the left hand, IE and EA are adjacent key inward rolls (EI and AE are less common so are outward rolls).
  • On the right hand, ST and TH are adjacent key inward rolls (TS and HT are less common so are outward rolls).

Engram is certainly strong for common bigrams and trigrams, and finger symmetry on the home row.

EngramMod

For those that like the Engram letters, but want mostly the same punctuation as Qwerty then check out a modified Engram.

The key layout is as follows:

The search for the world’s best keyboard layout (24)
The search for the world’s best keyboard layout (25)

This layout can be used for those transitioning to Engram, or perhaps you really just prefer the letters to be optimised while keeping the punctuation mostly the same as Qwerty.

Is there a best layout?

When investigating the different layout websites, you’ll see various metrics, and claims about how the layout is better than the rest.

The truth is that, the layouts differ because the philosophy used to create the layout differs, and then the metrics are measuring different things. Then the different metrics mean you end up comparing apples with oranges.

Instead when choosing another layout, it might be best to ignore the metrics and choose the layout philosophy that you agree with the most.

Philosophy A — Mainly QWERTY, but with a better home row

The layouts below are for those that want to continue using the Qwerty layout (ie 9 letter home row), but swap a selection of keys to make Qwerty less fatiguing.

You may also prefer to keep the short-cut keys mainly the same as Qwerty.

Choose either of these:

  • Carpalx QWKRFY — only 5 key pair swaps and keeping ZXCV fixed.
  • Carpalx QWYRFM — only 10 key pair swaps and keeping ZXCV fixed.
  • Carpalx QFMLWY — many key swaps but ZXCV is not fixed.

Philosophy B — Emphasise the 10 letter home row

The layouts below put the main focus on maximising the use of all the letters on the home row (ie 10 letter home row).

Choose either of these for a stronger 10 letter home row:

  • Dvorak — punctuation not the same as Qwerty.
  • Carpalx QGMLWB — punctuation almost the same as Qwerty.
  • Carpalx QGMLWY — punctuation almost the same as Qwerty.

Also the layouts below are for those that want to a modified Colemak (ie 8 home keys), but swap a selection of keys to emphasise the 10 letter home row.

  • Carpalx GYLMWP — ZXCV fixed.
  • Carpalx PBFMWJ — ZXCV moved.

Philosophy C — Emphasise the letter home keys

The following has a strong 10 letter home row, with the 8 letter home keys being more emphasised:

  • Colemak — ZXCV fixed; punctuation almost the same as Qwerty.

For layouts that place more focus on the ergonomics of the fingers (ie natural finger movement), then choose a layout with a weaker 10 letter home row.

These layouts have a weaker 10 letter home row, as the centre letters are de-emphasised.

  • Colemak Mod DH — some key swaps from Colemak; and the ZXCV shortcuts have moved but stay on the same fingers.

Note — For Colemak Mod DH, the typist should conform to the Angle Mod finger assignment.

  • Workman — Only the ZX shortcuts are like Qwerty; punctuation same as Colemak.
  • Norman — ZXCV shortcuts and punctuation are the same as Colemak.

Now for maximum finger ergonomics, separate the letter rows by punctuation keys:

  • Halmak — trigram optimisation; mostly Qwerty punctuation.
  • Engram — bigram and trigram optimisation, and finger symmetry; all punctuation is relocated.
  • EngramMod — bigram and trigram optimisation, and finger symmetry (same as Engram); but mostly Qwerty punctuation.

Why would you bother to switch to a new keyboard layout?

There is a common thread with all the layouts.

Essentially the greater the deviation from Qwerty, the greater the potential benefits.

After choosing the philosophy you agree with the most, then choose the layout that has other attributes you want. eg ZXCV fixed, location of punctuation, inward rolls for common bigrams, etc.

Fortunately, when switching to another layout, you don’t lose the ability to use Qwerty again — even if you are not touch typing.

When touch typing back in Qwerty, you may notice some loss of finger muscle memory for the Qwerty layout. This loss may mean that you need to look at the keyboard more often than you did before, and this is will put a limit on the maximum speed you can touch type in Qwerty.

But if you were always looking at the keyboard in Qwerty before anyway then you are likely to keep the same Qwerty typing speed that you had before.

However switching back to Qwerty is only useful until you can type faster in your new layout.

So is it still worth switching away from Qwerty permanently?

Think of it this way….

What if I said you can type for less effort day-to-day for the same salary?

What if I said you can type for less effort for the rest of your life?

Would you be interested now?

Switching keyboard layouts is an investment, but you receive the benefits for the rest of your life….

(Video) How I went from 10 to 130 WPM in 3 months

FAQs

What is the best keyboard layout in the world? ›

A lot of tests and demonstrations have shown that DVORAK is a lot better than QWERTY. Estimates are that you can be more than 60 per cent faster typing on a DVORAK keyboard. The layout that takes the crown however is called Colemak.

Is QWERTY or Dvorak better? ›

Dvorak proponents claim that it requires less finger motion and as a result reduces errors, increases typing speed, reduces repetitive strain injuries, or is simply more comfortable than QWERTY.

Is Dvorak faster than Colemak? ›

People who prefer the Dvorak keyboard argue that it's more efficient, can increase typing speed, and even offers better ergonomics. Colemak is more similar to the QWERTY layout, so it's easier to switch to from a standard QWERTY keyboard. There are only 17 changes made from the QWERTY layout.

Why is QWERTY not ABCD? ›

The 'qwerty' keyboard was designed for use on typewriters so that frequently used letters were spread apart, avoiding clashing or jamming of the most used 'hammers'.

Which is better AZERTY or QWERTY? ›

If you write a lot of English texts for your studies or work, a QWERTY keyboard is more practical as well. That's because the QWERTY keyboard is specifically designed for the English language.

Is QWERTY the fastest keyboard? ›

Which Layout is Faster, QWERTY, Dvorak, or Colemak? Unfortunately, because QWERTY is so widely used and the sample size for Dvorak and Colemak typists is so small, there is not yet any definitive evidence that supports the notion that one layout is intrinsically faster than another.

Why is Dvorak not used? ›

The DVORAK keyboard design was never adopted on a mainstream, because nearly anyone who had to type had already learned how to use the inefficient system of the QWERTY keyboard at fast speeds and was unwilling to learn a new system.

Can Dvorak speak English? ›

“Well, he did speak English. We know that because he travelled many times to England – he was there nine times conducting his pieces. Also, the correspondence with his English publisher is in English.”

Do the fastest typists use Dvorak? ›

Some of the fastest typists use non-standard layouts. While QWERTY is still well-recommended up in the upper echelons of speed-typers, there is a disproportionately higher percentage of Dvorak users up there than there are numbers of Dvorak users.

Do coders use Dvorak? ›

The Programmer Dvorak keyboard layout is the most comfortable and efficient layout for programmers. While the traditional Dvorak layout inherits awkward symbol locations from QWERTY, Programmer Dvorak makes the symbol row more intuitive.

Should I learn QWERTY or Colemak? ›

QWERTY has 16x more same-hand row-jumping than Colemak. There are 35x more words you can type using only the home row on Colemak. Colemak easy transition from QWERTY; only 2 keys move between hands. Many common shortcuts (including Ctrl+Z/X/C/V/A/W/Q) remain the same.

Is it hard to switch to Dvorak? ›

Switching to Dvorak isn't something I'd recommend to anyone who can already touch type using QWERTY. There's no conclusive evidence that it'll make you faster, and learning is a pretty painful process if you need to type with even the slightest sense of urgency.

Is QWERTY French or English? ›

Meanwhile, new keys were added in several countries. For example, in Quebec, the keys required to enter French accents were added to the classic English QWERTY layout. Spain and Latin America also kept QWERTY, but with the addition of Ñ, a widely used character in Spanish.

Is the UK QWERTY or us? ›

There are two major English language computer keyboard layouts, the United States layout and the United Kingdom layout defined in BS 4822 (48-key version). Both are QWERTY layouts.

What is English Dvorak? ›

listen) d(ə)-VOR-ak) is an alternative way of putting letters on an English keyboard. Most English keyboards have the keys lined up in a "QWERTY layout." The point of QWERTY was to prevent typewriter keys from sticking, but it is not the most "ergonomic", or comfortable, keyboard to type on.

Why do French people use AZERTY? ›

The AZERTY layout appeared in France in the last decade of the 19th century as a variation on American QWERTY typewriters. Its exact origin is unknown.

Is AZERTY French or English? ›

AZERTY was introduced as a French adaptation of the original QWERTY keyboard on US typewriters at the start of the 20th Century. The main problem identified by the culture ministry is the difficulty for French writers to use "certain accented characters - and especially in upper-case".

Why is it called Dvorak? ›

The Dvorak keyboard, named for its inventor, Dr. August Dvorak, was designed with the goal of maximizing typing efficiency.

What key is typed the most? ›

People who use desktop and laptop computers for work, in contrast, tend to replace the vowel keys — A, E, I, O and U — and the spacebar and the arrow keys, which Halcrow said are the keys pressed most often when typing.

Is typing with all fingers faster? ›

When using the traditional Words Per Minute metric, people typing with all 10 fingers versus just one or two are exponentially faster than if you just hunt and peck and use one or two fingers. You will be able to type more Words Per Minute using 10 fingers than by hunting and pecking.

Can you learn both Dvorak and QWERTY? ›

Yes, it's completely possible to be fluent in both Dvorak and Qwerty, but you have to specifically work at it to develop the dual fluency. When I began to learn Dvorak it initially crippled me in Qwerty, so I wasn't able to type easily in either layout.

Who is the fastest Dvorak typer? ›

Since 2005, The current official holder of the title of fastest typer in the world wpm, on a computer, is Barbara Blackburn (using a Dvorak simplified keyboard and typing in the English language). Barbara's record has managed to remain unbeaten, with a top typing speed of 212 words per minute (wpm).

Why do we use QWERTY over Dvorak? ›

QWERTY had been the universal layout since before August Dvorak was born. Most typists trained on it. Any employer investing in a costly typewriter would naturally choose the layout that most typists could use.

Why is Dvorak so good? ›

With Dvořák there are never any airs and graces or bravado displays of musical sophistication. Although he was a master symphonist, a brilliant orchestrator and inspired tunesmith, he made everything sound so effortless that casual listeners barely noticed the skill involved.

Is workman or Dvorak better? ›

Dvorak consistently gets lower Same Hand Utilization than QWERTY, Colemak, and Workman which are usually in the 30% range while Dvorak is in the 20's. Dvorak was supposedly designed for low SHU which means that your hands alternate more frequently.

How long does it take to learn Dvorak? ›

Short, daily practice sessions will minimize the transition time. Some touch-typists have learned Dvorak in 25 hours. Being a poor QWERTY touch-typist may be an advantage.

Is Dvorak better for RSI? ›

Now, Repetitive Stress Injuries (RSI) are a major factor for anyone who spends even a few hours a day working with a keyboard. The Dvorak Layout reduces finger movement by more than 50%, and hence is "just what the doctor ordered" for those suffering RSI.

Who is the fastest typist in history? ›

The highest typing speed ever recorded was 216 words per minute (wpm), set by Stella Pajunas in 1946, using an IBM electric typewriter. Currently, the fastest English language typist is Barbara Blackburn, who reached a peak typing speed of 212 wpm during a test in 2005, using a Dvorak simplified keyboard.

How much faster does Dvorak make you? ›

Dvorak is not proven to be faster – the highest recorded speed on QWERTY is 227 WPM, while the highest recorded speed on Dvorak is 194 WPM. However, there are many more people who have practiced QWERTY for their whole lives than Dvorak. Perhaps if more people used Dvorak there would be a fastest Dvorak typist.

What laptop do most coders use? ›

Here is a list of the Best Laptops for coding preferred by developers:
  • Microsoft Surface Pro 7.
  • ASUS F512DA-EB51 Vivobook 15.
  • Lenovo ThinkPad E595.
  • ASUS ZenBook 13 Ultra-Slim Laptop.
  • Lenovo Ideapad L340 Gaming Laptop.
  • HP 17.3” HD+ Flagship.
  • Dell XPS 17 9700 Laptops.
  • Razer Blade Stealth 13 Ultrabook Laptop.
25 Oct 2022

What laptop do coders use? ›

Apple's large MacBook Pro 16-inch is the best laptop for programming money can buy right now. Replacing the Intel-powered model from 2019, the MacBook Pro 16-inch (2021) comes with a choice of Apple's powerful M1 Pro or M1 Max chips, and these make short work of compiling and running even the most complex code.

How long does it take to get used to Colemak? ›

I took about two weeks to feel confident in Colemak, and perhaps a month before I matched my QWERTY speeds. I wouldn't say I've even become faster in Colemak than I ever was in QWERTY, but I feel more comfortable. A logical home row goes a long way: arstdhneio .

Is Dvorak layout good? ›

Approximately 70% of typing in English is done on the home row with Dvorak. That compares to only 32% for QWERTY. The Dvorak layout also aims to reduce common letter combinations that are typed with the same finger and jump over the home row.

What keyboard does Italy use? ›

Italian typewriters often have the QZERTY layout instead. The Italian-speaking part of Switzerland uses the QWERTZ keyboard.

How many people use Dvorak? ›

And another commenter concurred. “I firmly believe that any differences or gain that people attribute to Dvorak is attributed to finally learning how to properly type.” They were convinced that Dvorak isn't any more ergonomic. Shai Coleman, who invented the Colemak layout, estimates that 100,000 people are using it.

What are the disadvantages of Dvorak keyboard? ›

The Dvorak keyboard for an electronic keyboard allows the typist to go faster. The disadvantage is that most keyboards are QWERTY and marked in that way. It is possible to reprogram a QWERTY keyboard without changing the QWERTY markings.

What is E with an accent? ›

É, é (e-acute) is a letter of the Latin alphabet. In English, it is used for loanwords (such as French résumé), romanization (Japanese Pokémon) or occasionally as a pronunciation aid in poetry.

Can AZERTY change to QWERTY? ›

Click the language icon on the Language bar, which should appear on your taskbar near where the clock is, and then click the language that you want to use. QWERTY TO AZERTY keyboard shortcut: to switch between keyboard layouts, press Alt+Shift.

Which countries use AZERTY? ›

AZERTY is a keyboard layout. It is very similar to the QWERTY keyboard layout. It is mainly used in France and Belgium.

Does UK use Z or S? ›

Most common spellings in UK English spellings use 'S' instead of 'Z'. You can see this pattern in words that end in the '-ise' suffix. For example: Advertise.

What keyboard does Apple use? ›

Magic Keyboard - US English - Apple.

Can we say UK is a country? ›

Although the United Kingdom is a sovereign country, England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland are also widely referred to as countries. The UK Prime Minister's website has used the phrase "countries within a country" to describe the United Kingdom.

What is the fastest type of keyboard? ›

The Razer Huntsman V2 is the fastest keyboard in 2022. This keyboard allows for an incredibly fast gaming experience with super responsive optical switches. The response time for this keyboard is a fraction of a millisecond.

What is the longest word typed with the left hand? ›

The longest words typable with only the left hand using conventional hand placement on a QWERTY keyboard are tesseradecades, aftercataracts, dereverberated, dereverberates and the more common but sometimes hyphenated sweaterdresses.

Is Dvorak royalty free? ›

Completely Royalty Free Music

Thank you! Popular and amusing, this piano solo by Dvorak is the most famous of his '8 Humoresques'. A loose and flowing track which has been used in many humorous settings.

Is QWERTY or Qwertz better? ›

The main difference between these three keyboards is the position of the Q, W, Z and A keys. The QWERTY keyboard is prevalent in the Americas and in several regions of Europe. The QWERTZ keyboard, also called Swiss keyboard, is used in German-speaking countries, while in France and Belgium, AZERTY is the norm.

What is 75% keyboard layout? ›

75% is the common name given to keyboards that have a compact layout, roughly 70 to 75% of the width of a full-size keyboard, but retain the F key row at the top.

What is the best Korean keyboard layout? ›

There are two different Korean keyboard systems. They're called 2-set (dubeolsik) and 3-set (sebeolsik) keyboards. 2-set is the most commonly used and nationally accepted version, so learning this one will be the most beneficial for language learners.

Who is the fastest Dvorak typist? ›

The world record for fastest typing was set using a Dvorak keyboard. Barbara Blackburn of Salem, Oregon, achieved cruising speeds of 150 to 170 words per minute, and peak speeds of 212 wpm — that's an incredible 17+ key presses per second!

What is the most reliable keyboard? ›

The best keyboard, hands down, that we've tested is the Keychron Q6. This board has one of the best build qualities we've tested, with a fully aluminum case packed with layers of sound-dampening foam, specialized PBT keycaps, and a braided USB-C to USB-C cable.

What is a 96% keyboard? ›

96% | 100-Key Keyboard | Compact Full Sized Keyboard

The 96% size keyboard is mainly based on the 104 keyboard, where the rarely used keys were reduced and all the keys were combined together. It still meets a variety of office needs, but comes in a more compact design overall.

What is a 96% layout keyboard? ›

1800 Compact (96%) Keyboard

1800 compact keyboard layouts are similar to a full-sized layout except they smush together the number pad and the rest of the keyboard to save space. These are keyboards are slightly more narrow, so they are slightly smaller and more compact.

Why keyboard is 60%? ›

The big benefit of 60% keyboards is its diminutive width, leaving more room for the mouse and generally creating a better ergonomic posture for gaming. Because of its narrower width, gamers are more easily able to position their keyboard in the most comfortable position for them.

What keyboard layout do Japanese use? ›

The JIS, or Japanese Industrial Standard, keyboard layout keeps the Roman letters in the English QWERTY layout, with numbers above them. Many of the non-alphanumeric symbols are the same as on English-language keyboards, but some symbols are located in other places.

What is Australia's keyboard layout? ›

Now it's time to choose your keyboard layout. In Australia, we use the United States International layout.

Which keyboard is best for all languages? ›

These are the best keyboard apps for Android in 2022: Gboard, Swiftkey, Chrooma, and more!

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